Dating persian coins

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The Mongols introduced a system of coinage in 1279 which was still in use until 1878.The coins of this period are typical of medieval Islamic coins, and have hardly been studied or collected.Nevertheless, because throughout most of Persian history coins were made of metals that were also traded as commodities subject to market forces, a monopoly of minting did not guarantee control either of the circulation or of the value of the coins, both of which fluctuated in relation to coins of other states and to the market value of the component metals (see Hennequin, 1972; idem, 1977). In the Arsacid period satraps and cities were again allowed to strike coins (Sellwood, = 1 obol), were issued (Sellwood, 1980, pp. They weighed 4.10 g or more, conforming to the standard of 4.12 g for the Attic drachma, but, owing to the thinness of the metal, were of much larger diameter (Göbl, 1971, p. The Sasanians discontinued the types of the Hellenized Arsacids and included Zoroastrian symbols and various effigies on their coins (Alram, p. On the obverse there is always a bust of the crowned and bearded king in profile facing right, combined in rare instances with images that have been interpreted as the queen, the royal heir, or both; these additional small figures on coins of Bahrām II have recently been interpreted as divinities, however (Choksy). Identifiable mint names first appeared on coins struck by Bahrām II (Gyselen, 1983, p.Furthermore, before modern times the Persian economy consisted of a conglomeration of regional economies, each with a mint and a currency system geared to local commerce, rather than an integrated national economy. E.) an early form of the Parthian script was introduced for names and titles, at first only in abbreviated form (Ghirshman, p. As each Sasanian ruler had one or more distinctive crowns (Lukonin, p. On the reverse one of three variant types of the Zoroastrian fire altar with flames is depicted: plain, flanked by two attendants, or flanked by two attendants and with a bust in the flames. 236; idem, 1984), but they apparently became obligatory only under Bahrām IV (388-99).In 1921, Reza Khan took power in a bloodless coup, and in 1925 caused himself to be elected as Shah.His son Shahpur Mohammed Reza following him in 1926.For Persian coins in silver or base metal, or Persian coin sets other than gold, please look at the Persian Coins page of our original website."Tax Free Gold" website is owned and operated by Chard (1964) Limited 32 - 36 Harrowside, Blackpool, Lancashire, FY4 1RJ, England.

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In 546 BC it captured Sardis in Lydia which was the home of King Croesus and the first ever coins.

), standardized units of metal used as a medium of exchange, first introduced into Persia by the Achaemenid Darius I (521-486 B. E.) Coins differ from earlier media of exchange in that they are usually uniform in weight and purity of the metal and are recognized by the state as valid currency for discharge of tax and other financial obligations.

Their introduction simplified exchanges, for people who did not know how to calculate in fractions or decimals and had no knowledge of metallurgy could rely on them without having to weigh and test them in every transaction. Occasionally double dinars were also struck, as well as one-third and one-sixth dinars, the latter corresponding to the Roman tremissis of 1.5 g.

From 1976 to 1978, it changed to a monarchial calendar system, before reverting to the previous solar one.

The calendar changes can cause some confusion, particularly the monarchial years, which apparently jump by about 1,200 years, which would place them in the 32nd century AD if they followed the previous system. Please contact us prior to ordering for current prices and availability.

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